Agriculture Guidance - Project Overview


Brazil is the fifth largest emitter of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide, largely because of agriculture. The sector is directly responsible for about 35 percent of Brazil’s emissions, and indirectly responsible for much of the additional 20 percent that stems from land use change. The sector therefore plays an outsized role in Brazil’s efforts to reduce GHG emissions. But how can Brazilian companies measure and reduce their own GHG emissions from agriculture?

In partnership with two leading research organizations -- Embrapa ( Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária) and UNICAMP (Universidade Estadual de Campinas) -- the GHG Protocol embarked on a two-year project to develop two resources for advancing GHG emissions management in the sector:

  1. Corporate GHG accounting guidance for agricultural companies. This guidance helps companies understand whether and how individual GHG emissions sources should be included in GHG inventories. It was developed through a stakeholder process involving over 80 experts from Brazilian business, academia, government agencies, and NGOs.
  2. An Excel–based calculator that estimates the emissions from crop and livestock production, as well as land use change. This calculator was developed by Embrapa and UNICAMP and is the first to implement emission factors specific to Brazil.

Both resources are based on the GHG Protocol Agricultural Guidance, ensuring consistency with international best practices. The GHG Protocol is the leading, global framework for developing corporate inventories and provides the accounting framework for the Brazil GHG Protocol Program.

Intended Audience

  • Companies that own or control agricultural operations.
  • GHG reporting programs.
  • Governmental and non-governmental initiatives seeking to develop tools or metrics for assessing the GHG emissions from agriculture.


Guidance Documents Date
Press Release May 2014
Blog: Everything You Need to Know About Agricultural Emissions May 2014
Blog: A New Tool for Low-Carbon Agriculture in Brazil May 2014
Guidance Documents Date
Guidance May 2014
Calculation Tool May 2014
Methodology May 2014
Factsheet May 2014
FAQs May 2014