Issue 25

Dear Friends and Colleagues of the GHG Protocol,

With the summer well underway, the GHG Protocol is busy with many projects and workshops taking place. Tsinghua University and WRI hosted the first stakeholder workshop in China this month for the new Product and Supply Chain Standard. The WRI and WBCSD are now in the process of convening a global stakeholder process to develop these standards. The Brazil and India GHG Protocol Programs were both successfully launched in May, joining Mexico and the Philippines in developing national GHG emissions programs. We have updated many of our calculation tools with the most recent emission factors and calculation methodologies, but the widely used mobile combustion tool is still in critical need of funding. The Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department worked with WRI’s GHG Protocol team to adapt The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard (2004) for its building sector. As always, we welcome any feedback you may have.

Best regards,

The WRI and WBCSD GHG Protocol Team

Top Stories

The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, developed by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), sets the global standard for how to measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions.

Hundreds of companies and organizations around the world are using GHG Protocol standards and tools to manage their emissions and become more efficient, resilient, and prosperous organizations.

Featured Content

RELEASE: Companies Can Now Credibly Report Emissions From Low-Carbon Electricity Purchases

WASHINGTON (January 20, 2015)– Today the World Resources Institute unveiled new guidance for companies to measure emissions from purchased electricity. The first major update to the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard responds to the rapid growth of renewable energy and other major shifts in the electricity market.

Scope 3 Evaluator Now Available

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol and Quantis have joined forces to develop and launch the Scope 3 Evaluator - a free, web-based tool that allows users to make an initial, rough approximation of their full Scope 3 footprint, regardless of the size or type of organization.

Read the full press release here.

Hundreds of Cities Poised to Replicate Rio’s Approach to Measuring and Reducing Emissions

By Wee Kean Fong and Ryan Schleeter - December 08, 2014

Rio de Janeiro is one of the world’s leading cities injecting sustainability into its planning. In 2011, Mayor Eduardo Paes enacted an ambitious climate change law, setting a goal to avoid 20 percent of its emissions by 2020, based on 2005 levels. There was only one problem: The city wasn’t sure just how much it was emitting, or where its emissions were coming from.

RELEASE: Launch of First Global Standard to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cities

Launch of First Global Standard to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cities

WRI, C40 and ICLEI Establish First Common Standard to Measure and Report City Emissions

LIMA, PERU (December 8, 2014) — Today the World Resources Institute (WRI), C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) launched the first widely endorsed standard for cities to measure and report their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at a COP20 event featuring mayors and officials from cities around the world. The Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) uses a robust and clear framework to establish credible emissions accounting and reporting practices, thereby helping cities develop an emissions baseline, set mitigation goals, create more targeted climate action plans and track progress over time. By using the GPC, cities will also strengthen vertical integration of data reporting to other levels of government, and should gain improved access to local and international climate financing.

RELEASE: Launch of Two New Greenhouse Gas Standards to Improve Climate Policies, Design and Track Progress towards Mitigation Goals

WASHINGTON, DC (November 18, 2014)For the first time, governments now have consistent, reliable methods to account for greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions from their climate policies and goals.

Today, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) launched two new standards to help governments design better policies and emissions reductions goals, and measure progress against them. Developed by World Resources Institute (WRI), the Mitigation Goal Standard and Policy and Action Standard will enable policymakers and analysts to set robust mitigation goals, improve policies, and track progress to meet climate goals.

Staying on Track: A New Tool for Designing and Meeting Emissions-Reduction Goals

by Kelly Levin, David Rich and Pankaj Bhatia - November 18, 2014

China just announced a mitigation goal to peak its emissions by 2030 or earlier, while the United States committed to reduce its national emissions by 26-28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025. South Africa has pledged to reduce its emissions 34 percent below business-as-usual emissions by 2020. Costa Rica has a carbon neutrality goal to be achieved by 2021. New York City aims to reduce its emissions 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. And countless other cities and countries have set similar emissions-reduction targets.

How to Calculate Policies’ Effects on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by David Rich, Kelly Levin and Pankaj Bhatia - November 18, 2014

Tunisia launched its renewable energy program, PROSOL ELEC, in 2010 to scale up solar photovoltaic systems in buildings throughout the country. The National Agency for Energy Conversation (ANME) anticipated that the greater use of solar power would help curb climate change, but experts didn’t quantify just how much the program would reduce the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Public Comment Begins for the GPC draft 2.0

After a successful nine-month pilot test from May 2013 to January 2014, the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) has been revised and is now available for public comment until August 18th. The authors particularly welcome review by city officials, practitioners, and technical experts in the fields of energy, transportation, waste management, agriculture and forestry.

RELEASE: First Ever Agriculture Guidance Empowers Companies to Measure and Manage Emissions

PRESS RELEASE - May 29, 2014

17 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions result from agriculture

SÃO PAOLO//WASHINGTON (May 29, 2014) – The World Resources Institute unveiled the first ever Agricultural Guidance to help companies measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture sector, including farming, livestock, and land use change. The agriculture sector is responsible for 17 percent of global GHG emissions, including land use change. However, 75 percent of agricultural producers targeted by CDP do not report their emissions.

Scope 2 Guidance Public Comment Period

May 5, 2014 - April 25, 2014


Since the Corporate Standard publication in 2004, both companies and energy suppliers have sought ways to use contractual instruments such as power purchase agreements, renewable energy certificates, Guarantees of Origin, and utility green power programs to support claims about the low-carbon attributes of purchased energy. In addition, companies have increasingly taken a holistic view towards their energy demand management and procurement. Both trends have emphasized the need for a more complete and nuanced reporting framework for scope 2.



The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, developed by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), sets the global standard for how to measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions.

Hundreds of companies and organizations around the world are using GHG Protocol standards and tools to manage their emissions and become more efficient, resilient, and prosperous organizations.

Featured Content



Andrea Brown - WBCSD

Andrea Brown joined the Energy and Climate Team of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in June 2008, where she works on the GHG Protocol and Adaptation work streams. Prior to joining the WBCSD, she managed intergovernmental relations and trade policy issues for the Department of Energy in the Government of Alberta, Canada. She holds a Masters of Asia Pacific Policy Studies focused on security issues, from the University of British Columbia, and a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from the University of Alberta. She has previous experience working for the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), as well as in international NGOs in Thailand and Vietnam.

Laura Pocknell

Laura is the Communications Coordinator for WRI’s GHG Protocol team. Laura manages the development of the GHG Protocol’s communications strategy, including the GHG Protocol website and quarterly newsletter as well as media outreach. She also serves as project coordinator for the GHG Protocol, managing the project budget, reports and facilitating day-to-day operation. Prior to coming to WRI, Laura worked in Marketing and Brand Management for Avis Rent-a-Car in London. She holds a B.S. in International Management from the University of Manchester and spent a year at the Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota.

Anthony D’Agostino

Anthony is currently working with WRI’s Greenhouse Gas Protocol to support the development of new GHG accounting standards at the product and supply chain levels. In May, he completed a Master in Public Policy (MPP) degree from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (National University of Singapore) with a specialization in Social and Environmental Policy. His thesis topic dealt with integrating life cycle assessment (LCA) at a streamlined level for use by SMEs and has done research work in STELLA modeling, demand-side management, and environmental economics.

Anthony spent last summer working with UNEP’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok, focusing on a sustainable buildings partnership with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Prior to his graduate studies, he was a mental health social worker for 1.5 years with Easter Seals New Jersey before traveling through India, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the South Pacific, and South America working for rural development organizations and volunteering on organic farms. He holds an undergraduate degree from Rutgers University in philosophy and physics.