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Life Cycle Databases

This list of available third party databases assists users in collecting data for product life cycle and corporate value chain (scope 3) GHG inventories.

A summary of each source - including data formats, accessibility, content, and transparency information - is available by clicking on the database link. The list is not exhaustive and the inclusion of a database in this list does not constitute an endorsement by the GHG Protocol.

Some of the data in these sources may not be consistent with certain GHG Protocol standards. Before using a database, its documentation should be reviewed for transparency, completeness, and applicability to the GHG inventory for which the data is being collected. For example, a database may contain combustion-only emission factors that are not applicable to product life cycle GHG inventories. Data should also be evaluated using the data quality indicators described in the Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard (chapter 7) and the Product Life Cycle Accounting and Reporting Standard (chapter 8) and selecting the highest quality data available in the context of business objectives and the principles of relevance, completeness, consistency, transparency, and accuracy.

The databases included below meet the following criteria:

  • They are able to be directly used by inventory developers (databases that require companies to also purchase consulting services or specific software tools to access them are not included in the list).
  • They have a corresponding website where users can review source documentation and additional information.

Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard Online Course

This convenient online course teaches business professionals how to account for emissions throughout their value chain.

Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard
The Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard allows companies to assess their entire value chain emissions impact and identify where to focus reduction activities.

Third Party Databases

These databases assist users in collecting data for product life cycle and corporate value chain (scope 3) GHG inventories.

3EID

Input-output (JPY) tables with environmental burden measured as energy or emissions. Includes methodology.

Athena Institute

A set of comprehensive, comparable life cycle inventory databases for building materials and products in a series of reports.

Australia Department of Climate Change

Conversion factors designed for use by companies and individuals to estimate greenhouse gas emissions for their own purposes, voluntary action and for reference.

Bath Inventory of Carbon and Energy (ICE)

Database of embodied energy and carbon of building materials. Database provides details of original references so users can check original sources.

Bilan Carbone™

Emissions factors and their calculation to allow GHG reporting under the Bilan CarboneTM Method.

Biomass Environmental Assessment Tool (BEAT)

Impact assessment of likely environmental impacts from biomass energy projects.

Boustead Model

The Boustead Model is a computer modeling tool for lifecycle calculations. It contains a core set of industry-derived data files with information on a range of different fuel production and materials processing operations.

Building Research Establishment

Environmental profiles of construction and building materials.

BUWAL

A life-cycle inventory (LCI) database profiling the environmental inputs and outputs associated with the production of packaging.

Canadian Raw Materials Database

A database profiling the environmental inputs and outputs associated with the production of Canadian commodity materials. The database uses the techniques of life-cycle inventory, consistent with the method of life-cycle assessment.

Carbon Calculations over the Life Cycle of Industrial Activities (CCaLC)

This database contains 5,500 carbon footprint data items for materials, energy, transport, packaging and waste. It comprises CCaLC, ILCD and Ecoinvent (with permission of Ecoinvent) databases. The database is an integral element of the CCaLC software tool.

Carnegie Mellon

A life-cycle inventory database profiling the environmental inputs and outputs associated with the production of packaging.

Centre for Environmental Assessment of Product and Material Systems (CPM) Chalmers

Online database that provides access to over 500 datasets previously published in the SPINE@CPM database.

Centre for Sustainability Accounting (CenSA)

Supply chain factors can be used to obtain a broad estimate of the total GHG emissions embodied in goods or services bought by an entity.

Chinese Life Cycle Database (CLCD)

A national background LCI database consists of ca. 600 LCI datasets for key materials and chemicals, energy carriers, transport, and waste management, which is based on a consistent core life cycle model and represents the combination of various technologies in Chinese market.

CEDA

Input-Output Life Cycle Inventory for the U.S., China, UK, and Europe.

Danish Food LCA

LCA data on basic food products produced and consumed in Denmark.

Data for Environmental Analsys and Management (DEAM)

Ecobilan Group's general catalogue of data referred to as DEAM – Data for Environmental Analysis and Management can be purchased for use with its TEAM software.

Defra

Conversion factors allowing organizations and individuals to calculate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from a range of activities, including energy use, water consumption, waste disposal, recycling and transport activities.

E3IOT

The E3IOT database contains a high resolution, environmentally extended input output table for Europe which covers production, consumption and waste management sectors. Almost 500 production sectors are distinguished. Added to the production sectors are a number of consumption activities with direct emissions, such as automobile driving, cooking and heating, and a number of postconsumer waste management sectors.

Ecoinvent

Ecoinvent Database v2.2 for commercial single-user / OECD countries educational license €1800 (excluding VAT), each subsequent commercial user license €900 (excluding VAT). Upgrade for commercial single-user / OECD countries educational license €1500 (excluding VAT), each subsequent commercial user license €750 (excluding VAT). Educational license for non-OECD countries (free),

EIME (Environmental Improvement Made Easy)

Several licensing schemes: University (3,000€/year, unlimited users), Classic (3,000€/year, 5 users), Comfort (10,000€/year, 5 users), Light (2,180€/year, 1 user).

ELCD

The ELCD core database comprises Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data from front-running EU-level business associations and other sources for key materials, energy carriers, transport, and waste management.

Encompass™

Encompass™ is an industry-leading, greenhouse gas accounting and risk management tool that combines international carbon expertise and extensive research databases, making Encompass™ a natural choice for definitive, and flexible greenhouse gas accounting and risk management.

Environmental Product Declarations (EPD)

Environmental Product Declaration reports.

ESU-ETH 96

The system descriptions represent the Swiss and the Western European energy supply situation concerning production and imports of fossil and fissile fuels and production and trade of electricity. Therefore data cover the Swiss and Western European situation.

ESU-services

A database in the sectors of energy, basic minerals, materials, food and lifestyles, consisting of ca. 4,000 unit process datasets, of which about 1000 have been included in ecoinvent.

European Aluminum Association (EAA)

An environmental report which provides up-to-date life cycle inventory data (LCI) for aluminum production and transformation processes in Europe.

European Container Glass Association (CGA)

A Life Cycle Assessment of container glass production and transformation processes in Europe.

European Copper Institute (ECI)

Life Cycle Assessments of 3 types of copper products: tubes, sheets, wire.

European Federation of Corrugated Board Manufacturers (FEFCO)

Cradle to grave datasets for paper and corrugated board production.

Footprint Expert

For direct customers, a 1-year licence for access to Footprint Expert costs from £1,500+VAT, with a renewal fee to receive updates in subsequent years from £1,000 plus VAT. For consulting company users, a separate fee schedule applies.

Franklin US LCI

LCI data for several materials, embedded in SimaPro software.

Global Emission Model for Integrated Systems (GEMIS)

A life-cycle analysis program and database for energy, material, and transport systems.

Greenhouse Gas Protocol

A series of tools for calculating GHG emissions inventories based on 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET)

Energy and emission impacts of advanced vehicle technologies and new transportation fuels, the fuel cycle from wells to wheels and the vehicle cycle through material recovery and vehicle disposal.

iLCA2010+

Disaggregated, parameterized, and document Life Cycle Inventories covering several sectors. Data are provided in a customized way and in various formats. Data are subject to annual update.

International Energy Agency (IEA) GHG Programme

Global database of large stationary point sources of CO2 emissions from publicly available sources.

International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI)

A life cycle inventory (LCI) study to quantify resources use, energy and environmental emissions associated with the processing of fourteen steel industry products from the extraction of raw materials in the ground through to the steel factory gate.

International Stainless Steel Federation (ISSF)

A life cycle inventory (LCI) study to quantify resources use, energy and environmental emissions associated with the processing of cold roll and white hot rolled steel.

International Tin Research Institute (ITRI)

A life cycle inventory (LCI) study to quantify resources use, energy and environmental emissions associated with the processing of cold roll and white hot rolled steel.

International Zinc Association (IZA)

Three life cycle assessment (LCA) to quantify impacts associated with primary zinc, zinc sheet roofing and zinc sheet.

Inventory Database for Environmental Analysis (IDEA)

IDEA, which stands for "Inventory Database for Environmental Analysis", is the standard equipment inventory database for MiLCA LCA software. 3000 datasets are available in both gate to gate and cradle to gate type

IPCC Emissions Factor Database

Library of emission factors and other parameters with background documentation or technical references.

IVAM

The IVAM database is a database to be used for environmental life cycle assessment (LCA). It consists of about 1350 processes, leading to more than 350 materials. The data can be used for LCA applications in various sectors.

Korea Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Database

A life cycle inventory (LCI) database for Korean industry.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Life Cycle Inventory (LCI)

Data modules that quantify the material and energy flows into and out of the environment for common unit processes.

OPEN IO

A comprehensive analytical database that enables the user to gauge in detail the environmental impacts arising from the production and use of goods and services in the United States.

Plastics Europe

Life Cycle Inventories (LCI), Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) and Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) of high volume bulk polymers, widely used engineering plastics, and standard plastics conversion processes of the European Plastics Industry.

ProBas (Prozessorientierte Basisdaten fϋr Umweltmanagement-Instrumente)

IT-supported project of basic data for environmental management with extended search and data filtering options.

Swiss Agricultural Life Cycle Assessment (SALCA)

The SALCA database (Swiss Agricultural Life Cycle Assessment database) contains over 700 modules relating to agriculture with agricultural and non-agricultural inputs, outputs and processes.

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